The Australian bushfires have released more CO2 than the combined annual emissions of 100 countries. Add the country’s domestic emissions and the emissions from the vast amounts of coal and gas it exports and Australia becomes the world’s 4th largest emitter after China, the USA, and India, in spite of its population of only 26 million.
See: Counting the Cost of Australia's Summer of Dread. The Guardian
Australia is the world’s largest exporter of coal. It accounts for close to 4 percent of the worldwide carbon emissions after including the contributions from its vast international sales of fossil fuels.
Australia’s stock exchange is home to 633 metals and mining companies
The Carmichael coal mine in Central Queensland, Australia has been approved by the Queensland and federal Australian governments.
The mine is proposed by Adani Mining, subsidiary of India's Adani Group.
At peak capacity the mine would produce (as of 2017) 60 million tonnes of coal a year, In court, Adani said in 2015 it expects the mine to produce 2.3 billion tonnes over 60 years. It would be the largest coal mine in Australia and one of the largest in the world. The mine would be the first of six large mines proposed for the area called Galilee Basin.
Exports are to leave the country via new port facilities after being transported to the coast via a new 189 km rail line. Most of the exported coal is planned to be shipped to India.The mine has drawn immense controversy the damaging environmental impacts including the potential impact upon the Great Barrier Reef, the groundwater at its site and its carbon emissions.
Carmichael coal mine project. Photo: Courtesy of Tom Jefferson - Greenpeace
'Carmichael - located in Queensland's unexploited Galilee Basin and proposed by Indian conglomerate Adani - would take the crown of Australia's biggest and baddest coal mine and be one of the largest single mines in the world. It would double the size of Australia's biggest existing coal mine - 60 million tonnes of coal per year at full capacity. It is planned to operate for 90 years, several decades longer than an average coal mine. The plan also involves hundreds of kilometres of new railway tracks and new coal port terminals that threaten the Great Barrier Reef. It is estimated to cost AUD 16.5 billion.
The extent and intensity of the impacts associated with this project would be profound. And yet, the Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) is riddled with holes and errors. This raises serious questions about whether the current approvals system is adequately equipped to protect people and the environment from developments that are just too damaging.' Source: Banktrap
|Abbot Point, surrounded by wetlands and coral reefs, would become the world’s largest coal port if the Carmichael mine goes ahead. Photograph: Tom Jefferson/Tom Jefferson / Greenpeace|
The Guardian/15th august 2017
By Josh Robertson and staff/ABC NEWS
13 Jun 2019
|Photo by Julian Meehan.|
Earth Island Journal/August 5th 2019